Hooters Hall

Posts Tagged ‘growing trees’

Cotton, Loofah, Watermelons & Walnuts

I’ve spent all day today busy in the polytunnel and garden as ever juggling growing and propagating space, I always grow too many plants. In the polytunnel I adopt a policy of polyculture and try to keep all the beds filled throughout the growing season. I grew a lot of plants in pots in the polytunnel when we first started because the soil is very hard to work. It’s a fairly heavy clay so we’ve got a long term project to improve it. At the end of each growing season I add the remains of the straw bale garden, and from this year the hot beds, to the soil.

Most plants do quite well in the soil beds even without improvement because for all its faults the heavy clay soil does contain a lot of nutrients, but it is a nightmare to dig and as the Summer progresses gets so hard it’s like trying to work concrete. We’ve got several direct planting beds that have been improved enough to work on now though and that’s where I was planting this morning.

First for planting were my cotton plants. This is part of the slow textile project I blogged about recently The cotton project . I put the cotton in my heated propagator because they need a temperature of 25 C to germinate. I achieved a 90% germination rate which I was pleased with.

Here are some of my cotton plants ready for planting. As you can see I use root trainers for my seedling. It means I can fit a lot of plants in a small area, move them around easily and use less compost.

I’ve planted all the cotton in one bed. I might add some other crops as under planting depending on how quickly the cotton grows. I haven’t done much research into pests. I’m hoping that there won’t be too many as it’s not a native plant though I’m sure slugs will have a nibble if they can.

After the cotton I decided to plant out another of my experimental crops Luffa or Loofah squash. This is the plant that Loofah sponges come from. The squash are dried and then you get a loofah sponge. I’m hoping that I get enough sponges to add them to the Christmas hampers I make with homemade soaps for family and friends.

Here’s a picture of the Loofah squash seedlings

 Next on the planting list were Watermelons and Melons in the beds that currently have Elephant garlic in. We’ve started harvesting the Elephant garlic so there will gradually be more room for the Watermelons and Melons. Last year I only had three melons but they were delicious so I’ve planted 10 plants this year. I’ve planted the same number of Watermelon plants but this will be m first attempt at growing Watermelon. From what I’ve read success for both hinges on a long enough, warm enough growing period together with plenty of watering. Hopefully I’ll be able to achieve that in the polytunnel.

Finally I was very pleased to see the first of my Walnuts has germinated. Here it is.

I wrote recently about our Mini Tree Nursery Project The Sweet Chestnut, Oak and Silver Birch that I planted in recent months have all germinated well and the Alder and Staghorn Sumac I planted last year have survived the winter. Our plan is to add more trees to Hooters Hall over many years. I want to grow lots of trees from seeds and also then take cuttings. We’re mainly growing trees that we can use for fuel, use for projects on the smallholding e.g. fencing and natural dyes.

We’re going to fence off an area at the back of the polytunnel, cover it in weed suppressant fabric and use this for bringing on our tree seedlings until we’re ready to plant them out. I might also dedicate part of it to a small coppicing area.

Start of our mini tree nursery & polytunnel update

Smallholding activities have been somewhat curtailed over the past fortnight after I fell off  my horse Bob and broke my clavicle. With my dominant right arm out of action for 6 weeks I’ve not been able to get started on the sheep shearing but fortunately did get the angora goats sheared before I had the accident.

I am able to hold a hosepipe and with some assistance plant seeds so I have been able to keep the polytunnel on track. It’s looking like we’ll have another big crop of apricots and cherries this year. I think we might have some plums too which we didn’t get last year. The figs are developing nicely too and will hopefully have enough time to ripen this year. This is our 4th year of growing figs and we’ve had a bigger and better crop each year so far. The perennial vegetables continue to do well and we’re harvesting regularly from the nine star broccoli and the tree cabbage.

The grape vines have sprung back into life. We did get some grapes last year but not more than a few bunches. I’ve been told that we should expect a bigger harvest from the third year. This is our second year so I’m just hoping for more than last year.

I planted some melon and watermelon seeds last week and they are already starting to germinate. I’ve started them off in the heated propagator so that they have a decent growing period, which will hopefully mean more chance of a successful harvest. Last year my melons did quite well and were delicious so I want more of them. I also planted some Butterbush squash which are also starting to germinate. Butterbush is a variety of butternut squash bred to be smaller and more bush like with smaller squash. Much as I enjoyed our massive squash harvest last year it did mean we dined on squash a lot even though I gave a lot away so I’m hoping we’ll have a more sensible amount of squash this year and more sensible sizes.

Here’s some pictures from around the polytunnel as you can see the elephant garlic, spring onions and carrots are doing well in the raised beds. I’ll be planting some of my tomatoes in there soon as well.

   My other growing project for 2017 is to start our own little tree nursery. Our longer term plans for Hooters Hall involve increasing the number of trees we have and particularly increasing the number of trees that we can make use of. This is a very long term project so I decided rather than buying in bare root trees I’m going to grow them from seed, which also works out a lot cheaper and is very interesting. As my seed grown trees mature I’ll also take cuttings.

So far I’ve got some Staghorn Sumac mainly for the use of the leaves in natural dyeing, Alder for dyeing and also firewood, Sweet Chestnut, Oak, Silver Birch and Walnut. Germination rates have been quite good and for now my tree seedlings are in the polytunnel. Our plan for the longer term is to create an outside nursery area for the trees. We’re going to fence in the area behind the polytunnel, put down weed suppressant fabric and gradually move our seed grown trees there. It will be accessed from the back doors of the polytunnel so it’ll be easy to move things around.

Here’s some pictures of the start of my personal tree nursery

Spring is coming

It was a gorgeous day in the Fens today and it really felt as if Spring as on the way. There are Snowdrops in our wood and the trees are in bud. This was the view across our paddocks this afternoon.

I spent the day in the Polytunnel planting some Sweet Chestnuts. One of our long term projects is to increase the size of our wood and expand the tree species that we have growing on the smallholding. Sweet Chestnuts will provide both a wood and nut crop. Rather than buying in trees I like to grow the first batch from seed then take cuttings. I get all my tree seed from Tree Seeds Online  the seeds come with clear instructions and I’ve had good germination rates.

I’ve started  using deep tomato pots from The Garden Superstore for any trees with a deep tap root. The pots I’ve planted the Sweet Chestnuts in are 26cm deep which should be more than deep enough and being square they take up less space.

As well as planting my Sweet Chestnuts I re-potted the Alder and Staghorn Sumac that I grew from seed last year. I’ve got about 30 of each which isn’t bad for a few pounds, if you’ve got the time, space and patience growing from seed is very economical. I also planted on a few Lavender plants and Hollyhocks that have been overwintering in the Polytunnel and needed a bit more space.

Next weekend I’ll be sorting out my Sweet Peppers that are in the propagator most of them have germinated

Here’s a picture of the Sweet Chestnuts in their long square pots, the Staghorn Sumac, Alder and the Sweet Peppers.

,

I’m going to be growing some other trees from seed this year Walnut, Olive and Oak. I think the Olive will be the most challenging. A lot of tree seeds need to undergo Stratification before they will germinate. This means simulating winter temperatures and is most easily done using the fridge. Olive seeds also need  to undergo scarification which is a process designed to make the testa (seed coat) more permeable to water and gases (and thus more likely to germinate).